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The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism, 2nd Edition by William C. Ritchie, Tej K. Bhatia

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Part IINeurological and Psychological Aspects of Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Introduction

WILLIAM C. RITCHIE

The chapters in Part II are dedicated to research on the plurilingual individual – ranging from what the study of plurilingual aphasia can tell us about the representation of the plurilingual’s languages in the brain to the role of the plurilingual’s social identity in the choice of language in a given set of circumstances. Part II is divided into five sections; each devoted to an aspect of the plurilingual’s knowledge and use of his/her languages. The first section is concerned with the neurology of plurilingualism, the second with the process of second- or third-language acquisition, and the third with the interaction of the plurilingual’s languages. The fourth and fifth sections treat, respectively, memory and general cognition in relation to plurilingualism on the one hand and the plurilingual’s capacity and motivation for switching from one of his/her languages to another on the other.

The single chapter in the first section (The Neurology of Bilingualism and Multilingualism) is Chapter 3, ‘Bilingual Aphasia: Theoretical and Clinical Considerations,’ by Elizabeth Ijalba, Loraine Obler, and Shyamala Chengappa. After a historical overview and a discussion of methodological issues, the authors evaluate three models (or kinds of models) of bilingual brain functions – the declarative/procedural-memory model, the inhibitory control model, and hierarchical (translation) ...

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