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The Handbook of Global Media and Communication Policy

Book Description

The Handbook of Global Media and Communication Policy offers insights into the boundaries of this field of study, assesses why it is important, who is affected, and with what political, economic, social and cultural consequences.

  • Provides the most up to date and comprehensive collection of essays from top scholars in the field

  • Includes contributions from western and eastern Europe, North and Central America, Africa and Asia

  • Offers new conceptual frameworks and new methodologies for mapping the contours of emergent global media and communication policy

  • Draws on theory and empirical research to offer multiple perspectives on the local, national, regional and global forums in which policy debate occurs

  • Table of Contents

    1. Cover
    2. Series page
    3. Title page
    4. Copyright page
    5. Figures and Tables
    6. Notes on Contributors
    7. Series Editor’s Preface
    8. Acknowledgements
    9. 1 Introduction: Foundations of the Theory and Practice of Global Media and Communication Policy
      1. Introduction
      2. Technology and GMCP
      3. Analytical Tools and Perspectives
      4. GMCP in Historical Perspective
      5. Media and Communication Policy Destabilization
      6. Conclusion: Toward an Emergent GMCP Regime
      7. Overview of the Handbook
    10. Part I Contested Concepts: An Emerging Field
      1. 2 The Origins of International Agreements and Global Media: The Post, the Telegraph, and Wireless Communication Before World War I
        1. Introduction
        2. The Post
        3. The Telegraph
        4. Wireless
        5. The Horizon
      2. 3 The Evolution of GMCP Institutions
        1. Introduction
        2. Part I: Institutional Profiles
        3. Part II: Thematic Analysis
        4. The Path Ahead
      3. 4 Whose Global Village?
        1. Introduction
        2. Unique Characteristics of Communication and Its Policy Research
        3. Lessons from Twentieth-Century Experience
        4. Toward Global Media and Policy
        5. Conclusion
      4. 5 Free Flow Doctrine in Global Media Policy
        1. Introduction
        2. Deconstructing the “Free Marketplace of Ideas”
        3. Contextualizing the “Free Flow of Information”
        4. Balanced United Nations Declarations
        5. Contemporary Notions of Freedom of Information
        6. Conclusion
      5. 6 Human Rights and Their Role in Global Media and Communication Discourses
        1. Introduction
        2. History of Human Rights
        3. Human Rights and Communication Policy: A Civil Society Perspective
        4. Human Rights and Communication Policy: An Institutional Perspective
        5. Human Rights and Communication Policy: A Business Perspective
        6. Human Rights and Communication Policy: The Academic Perspective
        7. Conclusion: The Impact of Human Rights on Global Communication Policy
      6. 7 Policy’s Hubris: Power, Fantasy, and the Limits of (Global) Media Policy Interventions
        1. Introduction
        2. Power
        3. Power, Materiality and Ideology (and Some Hegemony and Fantasy)
        4. Power, the Political, and Policy (and Some More Fantasy)
        5. The Struggle Over Global Media Policy
        6. Conclusion
    11. Part II Democratization: Policy in Practice
      1. 8 Power Dynamics in Multi-stakeholder Policy Processes and Intra-civil Society Networking
        1. Introduction
        2. Multi-Stakeholderism Beyond the State: The Case of IG
        3. Inward-Looking: Analysis of the IG Caucus Mailing List
        4. Outward-Looking: Assessing Multi-Stakeholderism
        5. Conclusion
      2. 9 Media Reform in the United States and Canada: Activism and Advocacy for Media Policies in the Public Interest
        1. Introduction
        2. From Digital Euphoria to Bust
        3. Delineating Media Reform
        4. The US: How Many Angels Can Dance for the Public Interest?
        5. Canada: “The Information Highway is Headed for a Dead End”
        6. Conclusion: Challenges and Opportunities for Media Reform
      3. 10 Community Media in a Globalized World: The Relevance and Resilience of Local Radio
        1. Introduction: The Need for an Enabling Environment
        2. Why Community Radio in a Global Media Era?
        3. So What are Community Media?
        4. Overview of the Legal Status of Community Radio Internationally
        5. Key Issues for the Development of Community Radio Frameworks
        6. Conclusion
      4. 11 Global Media Policy and Crisis States
        1. Introduction
        2. The Media and the Market for Loyalties
        3. Iraq as an Example
        4. Conclusion
      5. 12 The Post-Soviet Media and Communication Policy Landscape: The Case of Russia
        1. Introduction
        2. Opening of the Media
        3. Restrictions on Journalists to Counterterrorism and Extremism
        4. Domination of the Governmental Media
        5. Trends in Regulation of the Internet
        6. Press Freedom Agenda, If Any
        7. Conclusion
      6. 13 Public Service Broadcasting: Product (and Victim?) of Public Policy
        1. Introduction
        2. Changing Concepts of Public Service Provision
        3. Democracy and the Birth and Spread of PSB
        4. Western Europe
        5. Central and Eastern Europe
        6. Developing Countries
        7. Global Media Policy and PSB
        8. What Future for PSB?
        9. Conclusion
      7. 14 User Rights for the Internet Age: Communications Policy According to “Netizens”
        1. Introduction
        2. The Policy Environment: Spotlight on the State
        3. “Netizens” and Net Activism
        4. Policy Agendas: User Rights for the Internet Age
        5. Practices of Intervention: Bypassing the Law
        6. Conclusion: Toward an Enabling Policy Environment
    12. Part III Cultural Diversity: Contesting Power
      1. 15 Media Research and Public Policy: Tiding Over the Rupture
        1. Introduction
        2. University as Public Institution
        3. Constraints in Policy and Regulatory Process
        4. Bridging the Rupture
        5. Conclusion
      2. 16 Whose Democracy? Rights-based Discourse and Global Intellectual Property Rights Activism
        1. Introduction
        2. Expanded Intellectual Property Rights and US Democracy
        3. The Changing International Regulatory Context
        4. Human Rights, Development, and Justice
        5. Development or Democracy?
        6. Conclusion
      3. 17 Global Media Policy and Cultural Pluralism
        1. Introduction
        2. Policy Responses to Ethnicity
        3. Diaspora
        4. Globalizing from Below
        5. The Media of Diaspora
        6. Diaspora and Cosmopolitan Citizenship
        7. Media Policy and Cultural Pluralism
        8. Case Study: Canada
        9. Conclusion
      4. 18 The Emergent Supranational Arab Media Policy Sphere
        1. Introduction
        2. Challenges to National Media Policies
        3. Saudi Media Policy: Domestic Control and Foreign Influence
        4. Lebanese Media Policy: Stability at Home and Positive Image Abroad
        5. UAE Media Policy: Dubai as Crown Jewel
        6. The Emergent Supranational Policy Sphere
        7. National/Supranational Dynamics of Media Policy: The Arab World and Beyond
      5. 19 The Mediterranean Arab Mosaic between Free Press Development and Unequal Exchanges with the “North”
        1. Introduction
        2. The Arab World and the Need to Develop Freedom and Professionalism
        3. The Mediterranean World and Collateral Damage from Unequal Exchange
      6. 20 Rethinking Communication for Development Policy: Some Considerations
        1. Introduction
        2. Communication for Development
        3. Three Approaches Toward Defining Communication for Development
        4. Rethinking Communication for Development Policy in the Age of “Superficial Revisionism” and Cultural Imperialism
        5. Conclusion
      7. 21 The UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity: Cultural Policy and International Trade in Cultural Products
        1. Introduction
        2. Trade in Cultural Products
        3. Why Cultural Products are Different
        4. The Cultural Tool Kit
        5. Evolution of Trade Law on Cultural Products
        6. The Idea of a Cultural Diversity Convention
        7. The UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity
        8. Ambit of the Convention
        9. Where We Stand Today
    13. Part IV Markets and Globality
      1. 22 Economic Approaches to Media Policy
        1. Introduction
        2. Competition and Ownership Policy
        3. Industrial Development Policy
        4. Cultural and Media-specific Policy
        5. Conclusion
      2. 23 Postcolonial Media Policy Under the Long Shadow of Empire
        1. Introduction
        2. Communication Policy as Development: The View from the South
        3. Colonial Power and the Rule of Law
        4. The Nostalgia for NWICO in Retrospect
        5. Neoliberal Techno-Politics and Civil Society in the Era of WSIS
        6. Conclusion
      3. 24 Policy Imperialism: Bilateral Trade Agreements as Instruments of Media Governance
        1. Introduction
        2. Multilateralism
        3. Bilateralism
        4. The Symbiosis between Multilateralismand Bilateralism
        5. Telecommunicationand Intellectual Property
        6. Conclusion
      4. 25 ICT Policy-making and International Trade Agreements in the Caribbean
        1. Introduction
        2. Caribbean: Definitions and Demographics
        3. ICTs and Development: Examining the Nexus
        4. Communication and Regional Trade Agreements
        5. The GATS, TNCs, and Regional Policy-Making
        6. Crystallizing Strategic Policy and Trade Issues
        7. Conclusion
      5. 26 Legislation, Regulation, and Management in the South African Broadcasting Landscape: A Case Study of the South African Broadcasting Corporation
        1. Introduction
        2. South Africa as a Transitional State?
        3. Part One: The Players
        4. Part Two: Legislative Developments
        5. The Broadcasting Act of 1999
        6. The Broadcasting Amendment Act of 2002
        7. The Electronic Communications Act of 2005
        8. The Broadcasting Amendment Act of 2009
        9. Looking to the Future: The Draft Public Service Broadcasting Bill of 2009
        10. Conclusion
      6. 27 Regulation as Linguistic Engineering
        1. Introduction
        2. When Telecommunications Policy Breaks Down
        3. Critical Discourse Analysis: A Tool for Critical Telecommunication Policy Analysis
        4. Linguistic Engineering and the Computer Inquiries
        5. Conclusion: Words Matter
    14. Part V Governance: New Policy and Research Challenges
      1. 28 Gender and Communication Policy: Struggling for Space
        1. Introduction
        2. From NWICO to WSIS, via Beijing
        3. Gender Mainstreaming and Freedom of Expression
        4. Policy Gaps and Challenges
        5. New Spaces, Same Old Worries
        6. Conclusion
      2. 29 The Environment and Global Media and Communication Policy
        1. Print Media
        2. Electronic Media
        3. Limits of Eco-Policy in the Global Political Economy
        4. Private Sector Policy and Innovation
        5. Conclusion
      3. 30 Anti-terrorism and the Harmonization of Media and Communication Policy
        1. Introduction
        2. Globalizing Media and Communication Policy through Harmonization
        3. Anti-Terrorism and the Law
        4. The United Nations and the Harmonization of Anti-Terrorism Laws
        5. Limits to the Harmonization of Anti-Terrorism Laws
        6. Media and Communication Policy Effects of Anti-Terrorism Laws
        7. Conclusions
      4. 31 Regulating the Internet in the Interests of Children: Emerging European and International Approaches
        1. Introduction
        2. Positive and Negative Internet Regulation in the Interests of Children
        3. “We Do Not Intend to Regulate the Internet”
        4. Children’s Rights Offline and Online
        5. Internet Regulation: Emerging Principles and Practices
        6. Regulating Contact, Content, and Conduct Risks Online
        7. Integrating Diverse Policy Initiatives
        8. Conclusion
      5. 32 From Television without Frontiers to the Digital Big Bang: The EU’s Continuous Efforts to Create a Future-proof Internal Media Market
        1. Introduction
        2. The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Intractable Areas of Tension
        3. Once Upon a Time … In Western Europe: The Television Without Frontiers Directive of 1989
        4. The Sequel: Television Without Frontiers – 1997
        5. Revolutionary Road? The Audiovisual Media Services Directive-2007
        6. Battlefield Galactica? The Issues at Stake
        7. Conclusion: Back to the Future?
      6. 33 Actors and Interactions in Global Communication Governance: The Heuristic Potential of a Network Approach
        1. Introduction
        2. Moving Beyond the Concept of Multi-Stakeholderism
        3. Global Communication Governance as a Complex Domain
        4. Do Networks Matter?
        5. Investigating Global Communication Governance Through a Network Approach
    15. Index