The rise of Russia
1584 The emperor Ivan the Terrible dies. The following succession of rulers bring greater unity to Russia.
1696 Peter the Great assumes sole rule of Russia.
1709 Russia wins a decisive victory over Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.
1718 Peter’s son Alexis, opposed to his father’s reforms, dies under torture.
1721 Russia and Sweden sign the Treaty of Nystad, pledging mutual defence.
1725 Peter the Great dies, ushering in an era of less competent emperors.
1762 Catherine the Great becomes empress and continues Peter’s work of reform and expansion.
Russian ruler Peter the Great founded St. Petersburg, on the estuary ...