1830 Greece obtains its independence from the Ottomans.
1848 Nationalist revolutions sweeping across Central Europe and Italy are crushed.
1859 Austria is driven out of Lombardy, which is then annexed by Piedmont.
1861 The Italian kingdom is established.
1866 Austria is forced to cede Venetia in northeast Italy to the new Italian kingdom.
1870 The Papal States are incorporated within Italy.
1871 Germany is united under Prussian control. Rome is declared the capital of Italy.
On May 11, 1860, the Italian patriot and guerrilla fighter Giuseppe Garibaldi landed in Sicily, then part of the Bourbon-ruled Kingdom of the ...