The Holocaust


1933 The first concentration camp is built in Dachau, near Munich. Its first inmates are communists, socialists, and trade unionists.

September 1935 As a result of the new Nuremberg Laws, Jews lose their civil rights.

1938 During Kristallnacht, the “Night of Broken Glass,” the Nazis terrorize Jews across Germany and Austria.

June 1941 The German invasion of the Soviet Union is accompanied by the mass killing of Jews.


May 1942 Gassings start at Auschwitz, in Poland.

1945–46 At the Nuremberg trials, 24 Nazi members are indicted and 12 sentenced to death.

On January 20, 1942, 15 members of the Nazi Party and German ...

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