RG

IN CONTEXT

Focus

Founding Communist China

Before

1911–12 The Republic of China is born under Nationalist Sun Yat-sen; the last Qing emperor abdicates.

1919 The May Fourth Movement, a student-led protest, spreads ideas of nationalism and communism.

1921 The Communist Party founded in Shanghai promotes revolution based on Marxism.

After

1958 Mao Zedong introduces the Great Leap Forward, a five-year economic plan.

1978 Premier Deng Xiaoping announces a new economic program to make China a major financial power.

1989 Troops kill hundreds of pro-democracy supporters in Tiananmen Square.

In the autumn of 1933, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was on the brink ...

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