In the 1918 general election, republicans seeking independence from the United Kingdom won a majority of Irish seats. After the republicans set up their own parliament (the Dáil) and declared Ireland independent, Britain sent troops to quell the rebellion. By 1922, however, the two sides reached an agreement that most of Ireland should become independent as the Irish Free State, while the six northeastern counties, which had a Protestant majority, should remain part of the United Kingdom. This division is still in place to this day.
THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR
In 1930–31, republicans overthrew Spain’s military dictatorship and forced King Alfonso XIII into exile. The republican government introduced socialist ...