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The History of Mining: The events, technology and people involved in the industry that forged the modern world by Michael Coulson

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3. Scandinavia

For much of the Middle Ages Scandinavia was divided into two blocs, the political union of Denmark and Norway, and the kingdom of Sweden, which fully incorporated Finland. During this period Norway became a significant mining and quarrying region with the 16th century witnessing a surge in developments, in part due to the revenue needs of the Crown.

Norway

One of the major mining regions was Telemark in the south of Norway and it was here that the Gullnes copper mine was opened in 1524. In 1537 control of the mine passed to the Crown, which imported a number of German miners from Saxony to improve the mine’s efficiency. The locals of Hjartdal, who coveted the rich silver lodes that existed in the area, were unhappy with the ...

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