O'Reilly logo

The History of Mining: The events, technology and people involved in the industry that forged the modern world by Michael Coulson

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

2. Diamonds in South Africa

South Africa was the most important source of diamonds for the worldwide diamond jewellery industry for over a century, its lead position only beginning to waver in the 1970s following the huge discoveries in neighbouring Botswana. Before the South African discoveries in the 19th century diamonds were found primarily in India in alluvial settings, until in the 1700s production fell away to be replaced by alluvial production from Brazil, as we learnt earlier.

The first diamond officially discovered in South Africa was the Eureka, a 21-carat stone found near Hopetown in the Cape Colony in 1867. It had been in the possession of Schalk van Niekerk, a farmer with an interest in gem stones, who enlisted the help of John ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required