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The History of Mining: The events, technology and people involved in the industry that forged the modern world by Michael Coulson

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8. Copper and other mineral riches in the USA

Central to the rise of the United States to industrial superpower status in the 19th century was its huge store of indigenous raw materials. However, for many years after gaining independence from Great Britain, the US had been an importer of manufactured goods from Britain and Europe, its exports being raw cotton and other agricultural products – hardly the stuff of an advancing economy. As the century progressed the US began to experience growing immigration, and the economy began the process of industrialisation, particularly in the northern states. It was after the savage Civil War, which lasted from 1861 until 1865 and stimulated a huge weapons programme in the north, that the US began to flex ...

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