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The History of Mining: The events, technology and people involved in the industry that forged the modern world by Michael Coulson

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16. The Soviet Union

As one of the two so-called superpowers for a large slice of the 20th century the Soviet Union, consisting of Russia and the now independent republics to its west and south, relied largely on its own raw materials to fuel its economy. The Soviet Union’s military power and heavy industry were huge consumers of metals and energy minerals, and its competition with the US in the areas of outer space and advanced weaponry meant that it also required material quantities of specialist metals to be used in high-technology applications.

Foreign participation as the new century dawns

Of course in the early years of the century Russia was still under the rule of the Tsar and the country’s economic structure was still largely capitalist ...

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