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The History of Mining: The events, technology and people involved in the industry that forged the modern world by Michael Coulson

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6. Other nationalisations in the 1960s and before

Above we have seen how central Africa in the shape of Zambia and the Congo (Zaire) nationalised their copper mines and we have also seen how in both cases it was a commercial failure, although the process did see a major expansion in the number of indigenous people employed at the higher technical and managerial levels, particularly in Zambia. But African copper was not the only mining industry affected by nationalisation in the 1960s, nor was Africa the only region involved in the practice of returning strategic industries to public indigenous ownership during that decade. However, radicalism in Latin American mining was not simply a 1960s phenomenon and in Bolivia nationalisation came early. ...

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