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The History of Mining: The events, technology and people involved in the industry that forged the modern world by Michael Coulson

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Mining and Minerals Timeline

100000 BC: Surface flint mining, England/France

60000 BC: Nile Valley flint mines, Egypt

40000 BC: Haematite mining, Swaziland

9500 BC: Copper pendant fashioned, Iraq

8000 BC: Quartz mining in Washoe Valley, Nevada, North America 5000 BC: Lead used, Egypt; Gold and emerald mines developed, Egypt; Gold mined in the Balkans, Bulgaria/Rumania/Serbia

4500 BC: Hammered copper recovered from Chaldean remains, Iraq

4000 BC: Bronze casting, Egypt; Feinan copper mines operated, Jordan; Copper mining in the Timna Valley, Sinai, Egypt; Copper/tin mining/smelting, Khetri, India; Objects made from surface iron, Egypt

3500 BC: Underground flint mines, England/France

3000 BC: Copper mining, Michigan, North America; Turquoise ...

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