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The Horse, the Wheel, and Language by David W. Anthony

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CHAPTER NINE

Cows, Copper, and Chiefs

The Proto-Indo-European vocabulary contained a compound word (*weik-potis) that referred to a village chief, an individual who held power within a residential group; another root (*re-) referred to another kind of powerful officer. This second root was later used for king in Italic (rēx), Celtic (rīx), and Old Indic (raj-), but it might originally have referred to an official more like a priest, literally a “regulator” (from the same root) or “one who makes things right” (again the same root), possibly connected ...

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