Part I: The Four ICSM Principles

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Title page from Isaac Newton’s Principles of Mathematics, in Latin, first published July 1687. This book is regarded as one of the most important works in the history of science.

Wellcome Library, London

“Our Age of Anxiety is, in great part, the result of trying to do today’s job with yesterday’s tools and yesterday’s concepts.”

—Marshall McLuhan

“Principles trump diagrams.”

—Barry Boehm

As humans, we are often tempted to recognize a pattern from a diagram and to infer meaning and context not necessarily intended by the author (a form of syntax and semantics problem common to many graphical representations). This ...

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