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The Invisible Cryptologists: African-Americans, WWII to 1956 by Jeannette Williams

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Introduction

This is the story of African-Americans employed by the National Security Agency, and its forerunners at Arlington Hall Station, from 1939 to 1956. It is, in part, an organizational history, since for most of that period, the overwhelming majority of African-Americans were segregated in primarily support elements, consistent with army policies and U.S. mores. It is also, in part, a cryptologic history, since technology and intelligence requirements factored enormously into African-American hiring and manpower utilization. For these aspects of the book, documents held in the NSA Archives as well as in the National Archives and Records Administration yielded a wealth of information.

But at its essence this book is about people who during ...

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