World War II: Atrocities on the Line

Although the railroads’ role in World War II was not quite as fundamental as it had been during the World War I (see The Field Railroads of World War I), they were nevertheless a vital part of the logistics of war. With gasoline in short supply and a lack of modernized roads in many conflict areas, the railroads carried troops and supplies far and wide. However, the railroads were also involved in two of the greatest war crimes of the World War II: the Holocaust, which resulted in the deaths of two thirds of all the Jews in Europe at the hands of the Third Reich, and the construction of the Burma (now Myanmar) to Siam (now Thailand) Railway, for which the Japanese used prisoners of war. These two events portray ...

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