Early Arabic literature


610–632 According to Islamic belief, the Koran (Arabic for “Recitation”) is revealed to Muhammad by God.

8th century A collection of seven pre-Islamic poems, some dating to the 6th century, are written in gold on linen, and are said to have been put up on the walls of the Kaaba at Mecca. They are known as Al-Mu’allaqat (“hung poems”).


c.990–1008 Badi’ al-Zamān al-Hamadāni writes Maqamat (“assemblies”), a collection of stories in rhymed prose that relate the encounters of the witty Abul-Fath al-Iskanderi.

13th century The Story of Bayad and Riyad, a romance about the love of a merchant’s son for a foreign ...

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