The Nordic sagas


12th century The first Old Norse sagas, Konungasogur (“Kings’ Sagas”), are written in Norway and Iceland.

c.1220 Icelandic scholar Snorri Sturluson is believed to have either written or compiled the collection of myths known as the Prose Edda.

Mid–late 1200s An anonymous verse collection is compiled of Scandinavian myths. It is later known as the Poetic Edda.


13th century Translations of French chansons de geste (“songs of heroic deeds”) inspire a genre of Icelandic chivalric sagas.

c.1300 Stories about the Sturlung family in 12th-century Iceland are collected as the Sturlunga Saga.

Rich in heroic exploits, ...

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