RG

IN CONTEXT

Focus

Renaissance humanism

Before

1304–74 Italian scholar and poet Petrarch translates Greek and Roman scrolls, which are the springboard for humanism and the Italian Renaissance.

1353 The 100 stories told by 10 young Florentines fleeing from the plague in Boccaccio’s The Decameron set a standard for Renaissance literature, and influence authors from Chaucer to Shakespeare.

1460 Ploughman of Bohemia, a dialogue between Death and a plowman, by Johannes von Tepl, is one of Germany’s earliest humanist poems.

1522–35 Dutch humanist Erasmus publishes his own Greek and Latin translations of the New Testament; they are the basis for Martin Luther’s ...

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