Spain’s Golden Century
1499 The story of a procuress told in a series of dialogues, La Celestina, by Fernando de Rojas, marks the beginning of a literary renaissance in Spain.
1554 The anonymously published novella The Life of Lazarillo de Tormes and of His Fortunes and Adversities invents a new form—the picaresque.
1609 Lope de Vega, Spain’s most prolific playwright and a major poet, publishes his artistic manifesto New Rules for Writing Plays at this Time to justify his writing style.
1635 Pedro Calderón de la Barca’s philosophical allegory Life is a Dream is one of the Golden Century’s most widely translated works.