The Bard


1560 Published in an English translation, the Geneva Bible is one of the major reference sources used by Shakespeare.

1565 The Roman poet Ovid’s Metamorphoses, translated by Arthur Golding, is published and is a major literary source for Shakespeare.

1616 Works, by English writer Ben Jonson, is the first published collection of a popular dramatist’s plays.


1709 English writer Nicholas Rowe’s edition of Shakespeare’s Complete Works is published by Jacob Tonson. This is the first major attempt to reedit Shakespeare’s plays since the First Folio. Rowe modernized spelling and punctuation, and added scene divisions.

When ...

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