1764 The Castle of Otranto by English writer Horace Walpole is published. It is later hailed as the origin of gothic fiction.
1794, English author Ann Radcliffe publishes her novel The Mysteries of Udolpho, introducing readers to the dark, romanticized, and brooding gothic “hero.”
1796 Inspired by Radcliffe’s novels and German horror stories, Englishman Matthew Lewis writes The Monk, one of the most sensationalist gothic novels of the period.
1817 E. T. A. Hoffmann, from Prussia, writes a collection of short stories, Nachtstücke, that includes his now famous tale “The Sandman,” which blends Romantic philosophy with ...