Victorian feminism


1847 Emily Brontë publishes Wuthering Heights, exploring feminist issues of gender, domesticity, and women’s status in Victorian society.

1853 Charlotte Brontë’s Villette is published. It is considered a more mature reworking of her earlier themes of women’s self-determination, identity, and independence.

1860 George Eliot’s The Mill on the Floss contrasts themes of female intellectual growth with notions of family duty.

1892 Charlotte Perkins Gilman publishes her short story “The Yellow Wallpaper,” an early example of American feminist literature that shows women’s mental health in relation to patriarchal oppression. ...

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