1837–39 Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist shifts the gloomy atmosphere of early gothic fiction to the streets of London.
1840 Edgar Allan Poe writes stories of intense relationships mixed with gothic themes of unsettling, crumbling houses; ghosts; and corpses coming back to life.
1847 Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre is published: its themes of gothic domestic abuse and confinement are mirrored in Wuthering Heights.
1852–53 Charles Dickens writes Bleak House and reworks the ruined gothic castle of earlier fiction as the slum tenements of London in the development of the Victorian urban gothic.
Emily Brontë’s Wuthering ...