(1802), Francois-René Chateaubriand

The melancholic figure of René, wandering the lands from France to the Americas, finding only ennui both in the city and the countryside, offered a perfect protagonist for early Romanticism. René by French writer, diplomat, and politician Chateaubriand (1768–1848) shocked readers with its plot revelation that René’s sister Amélie joined a convent to conquer her feelings of incestuous love. The novella was an instant success.

The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.

(1819–1820), Washington Irving

Penned by American writer Washington Irving (1783–1859), The Sketch Book is a collection of short stories and essays. It includes tales such as “Rip van Winkle,” in which the main character sleeps through ...

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