Social protest novel


1794 English radical writer William Godwin deplores an unjust social system in The Adventures of Caleb Williams.

1845 English politician Benjamin Disraeli writes Sybil, or The Two Nations, which shows that England has two worlds: the rich and the poor.

1852–65 English novelist Charles Dickens criticizes the poverty and greed of Victorian society in Bleak House, Little Dorrit, and Our Mutual Friend.


1870s–80s French writer Émile Zola attacks urban poverty and the social system in novels such as L’Assommoir (1877) and Germinal (1885).

1906 The Jungle, a novel by American Upton Sinclair about Chicago’s meatpacking ...

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