Russia’s Golden Age


1831–32 The publication of Nikolai Gogol’s Evenings on a Farm near the Dikanka and Alexander Pushkin’s Tales of Belkin signal developments in Russian literature away from the folkloric forms of the past.

1866 Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment brings the science of psychology into literary realism to explore human motivation.


1880 Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s novel The Brothers Karamazov is published—the last great novel of Russia’s Golden Age.

1898 Moscow Art Theatre stages The Seagull, which establishes Anton Chekhov as the preeminent dramatist of Russia’s Golden Age.

Russia in the 19th century was the ...

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