Pathetic fallacy


1807 William Wordsworth employs pathetic fallacy in his poem “I wandered lonely as a cloud / That floats on high o’er vales and hills.”

1818 “It was on a dreary night in November….” Mary Shelley opens Chapter 5 of Frankenstein with foreboding elemental forces.

1847 Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë uses the weather on the moors to represent human emotion.


1913 In Sons and Lovers by English novelist D. H. Lawrence, the moods of characters are reflected by evoking the environment around them.

1922 The opening of T. S. Eliot’s Modernist poem The Waste Land portrays the season of spring as “cruel.”

A strong connection ...

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