RG

IN CONTEXT

Focus

Bildungsroman

Before

1795–96 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe publishes Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship, often called the first Bildungsroman.

1798 German author Ludwig Tieck publishes Franz Sternbald’s Wanderings, a Romantic novel with hallmarks of the Bildungsroman.

1849–50 Charles Dickens’ partly autobiographical book David Copperfield is published.

1855 Swiss author Gottfried Keller publishes Green Henry, a crucial Bildungsroman, and also partly autobiographical.

1916 A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, by James Joyce, shows that the Bildungsroman has a place in Modernist literature.

Widely considered to be Thomas Mann’s masterpiece, ...

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