Writers in exile


1932 The Jewish-Austrian writer Joseph Roth writes The Radetzky March, which details Austria–Hungary’s decline, a year before he leaves Germany for Paris. He remains in exile for the rest of his life.

1939 Bertolt Brecht’s antiwar play Mother Courage and Her Children is written a few years after he flees Nazi persecution.

1941 Published just before his suicide in Brazilian exile, Austrian author Stefan Zweig’s novella The Royal Game criticizes the brutality of the Third Reich’s Nazi regime.


1952 Holocaust survivor Paul Celan produces a collection of poems, Poppy and Memory, after settling in Paris following ...

Get The Literature Book now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.