The beat generation
1926 Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises depicts modern Americans traveling through Europe on a quasi-spiritual journey.
1952 John Clellon Holmes’s novel Go includes the first use of the term “beat” to define the people of the beat movement.
1953 Lawrence Ferlinghetti opens City Lights Bookshop in San Francisco; it becomes a haunt for the beat writers.
1956 Allen Ginsberg’s first collection of poetry Howl and Other Poems is published, launching him as the leading beat poet.
1959 William S. Burroughs’ Naked Lunch uses a radically disjointed, nonlinear style extending the narrative form of the beat generation. ...