Chapter 9

Mediterranean Diet and Cardiovascular Disease

An Overview of Recent Evidence

Dimitra Karageorgou, MSc1; Renata Micha, PhD1,2; Antonis Zampelas, PhD1    1 Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece2 Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA


The Mediterranean diet has been repeatedly associated with protective effects on health status and, in particular, οn the development of chronic diseases. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an up-to-date review of evidence from prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials regarding the effect of Mediterranean diet on cardiovascular disease. The outcomes of interest are fatal and nonfatal total cardiovascular ...

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