Chapter 29

The Mediterranean Diet and Metabolic Syndrome

Evanthia Gouveri, MD vangouv@yahoo.gr; Emmanuel J. Diamantopoulos, MD, PhD emmanueldiamantopoulos@yahoo.gr    Evangelismos State General Hospital, Athens, Greece

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of factors associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Given the syndrome’s increasing prevalence worldwide, it has become a public health issue. Population-based strategies should be implemented to reduce the global burden of cardiometabolic diseases. Lifestyle changes, including the adoption of a healthy diet and increased physical activity, are the cornerstone of these strategies. The Mediterranean diet has been associated with multiple ...

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