Chapter 33

The Mediterranean Diet Versus a Low-Fat Diet, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, and Obesity

Maria Luz Fernandez, PhD    University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, USA

Abstract

The Mediterranean diet (MedD) has been shown to decrease biomarkers associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Further, numerous studies have demonstrated that the MedD diet improves insulin resistance, raises HDL cholesterol, and decreases plasma triglycerides as well as inflammatory markers and blood pressure. There are also a fair number of publications that promote and support low-fat diets as the best alternative for decreasing biomarkers associated with CVD and metabolic syndrome. However, there are fundamental differences between the ...

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