Chapter 34

Gene Expression, Atherogenesis, and the Mediterranean Diet

Lina Badimon1,2,3,4; Guiomar Mendieta1,2; Gemma Vilahur1,2,3    1 Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain2 IIB-Santpau, Barcelona, Spain3 CIBEROBN Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain4 Cátedra de Investigación Cardiovascular, (UAB-HSCSP-Fundación Jesús Serra), Barcelona, Spain

Abstract

Dietary patterns are well-known modulators of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is consensus on recommending the Mediterranean diet for the prevention of coronary heart disease. The PREDIMED trial and the Lyon Diet Heart Study have thoroughly demonstrated the protective effects associated with the adherence of a Mediterranean-type diet in primary and secondary prevention ...

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