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The Mediterranean Diet by Ronald Ross Watson, Victor R. Preedy

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Chapter 36

The Mediterranean Diet in Cancer Prevention

Niki Kontou, RD, PhD1,2 nkontou@hua.gr niki.kontou@yahoo.gr    1 Saint Savvas Cancer Hospital, Athens, Greece2 Harokopio University, Athens, Greece

Abstract

Cancer is responsible for 13% of deaths globally; one-third of all new cancer cases are attributed to dietary factors, including physical activity. Several studies revealed the protective role of a Mediterranean diet on cancer risk. The possible mechanisms to explain this association include its high content of antioxidants, olive oil, moderate alcohol intake, and physical activity. Moreover, several studies have shown the mediating effect of this dietary pattern on several known risk factors for cancer development, i.e., metabolic ...

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