Chapter 40

Molecular Aspects of the Mediterranean Diet

Adiponectin, Brain Amyloid Precursor Protein, Apolipoprotein E and Caspase-3 mRNA

Sahar Elsayed El-Swefy saharelswefy@yahoo.com; Hebatallah Husseini Atteia hebahosany@yahoo.com atteiaheba@yahoo.com    Faculty of Pharmacy, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Sharkia Gov., Egypt

Abstract

The Mediterranean lifestyle culture was adopted by people who lived around the Mediterranean Sea. Those people consume a simple diet from natural resources. The Mediterranean diet (MeDi) was based on consumption of marine products, vegetables, and polyunsaturated fatty acids but little red meat. It is composed of olive oil, red wine polyphenols (antioxidants), whole-grain phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, ...

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