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The Mediterranean Diet by Ronald Ross Watson, Victor R. Preedy

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Chapter 44

Mediterranean Diet and Pregnancy

Eva Gesteiro1 eva_merida@hotmail.com; Francisco J. Sánchez-Muniz, PhD2 frasan@farm.ucm.es; Manuel Espárrago Rodilla, PhD1 manuelesparrago@redfarma.org; Beatriz Rodríguez Bernal2 beatrizrbernal@yahoo.es; Sara Bastida2 sbastida@ucm.es    1 Hospital de Mérida, Mérida, Badajoz, Spain2 Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Abstract

Pregnancy is a crucial period where growth, development, maturation, and metabolic adaptations take place. This chapter deals with central aspects of nutrition throughout gestation on the embryonic and fetal periods. Details of the thrifty phenotype hypothesis are given, indicating that hypo/subnutrition causes metabolic adaptations that permit the fetus to grow ...

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