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The Mediterranean Diet by Ronald Ross Watson, Victor R. Preedy

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Chapter 45

Olive Oil and the Senescent Bone

Gemma Xifra Villarroya gxifra.girona.ics@gencat.cat; José María Moreno-Navarrete, PhD jmmorsim@hotmail.com; José Manuel Fernández-Real, PhD jmfreal@idibgi.org    Hospital Dr. Josep Trueta, Girona, Spain.

Abstract

Osteoporosis represents the most prevalent metabolic disorder in elderly people. Calcium and vitamin D have been and are still considered the main important nutrient for preventing bone loss with aging. Nevertheless, other nutrients are emerging to improve bone strength. Olive oil is an example. Recent in vitro studies have shown that oleuropein, the main phenolic compound in virgin olive oil, reduced the expression of peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor-γ, inhibiting adipocyte ...

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