Chapter 46

Mediterranean Diet and Fitness

F. Fuentes-Jimenez, MD, PhD; J.M. Fernandez, PhD; D. Rosado-Alvarez, MD, PhD    Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit, IMIBIC/Reina Sofia University Hospital/University of Córdoba and CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBW), Health Institute Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.


The Mediterranean diet has been associated with increased longevity, improved quality of life, and a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and cognitive impairment. A greater adherence to a Mediterranean food pattern is consistently associated with lower cardiovascular risk. Physical activity is, after the diet, the second mainstay in ...

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