Chapter 46

Mediterranean Diet and Fitness

F. Fuentes-Jimenez, MD, PhD fjfuentesjimenez@yahoo.es; J.M. Fernandez, PhD juf_nutryinves@yahoo.com; D. Rosado-Alvarez, MD, PhD daraol6@hotmail.com    Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit, IMIBIC/Reina Sofia University Hospital/University of Córdoba and CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBW), Health Institute Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

The Mediterranean diet has been associated with increased longevity, improved quality of life, and a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and cognitive impairment. A greater adherence to a Mediterranean food pattern is consistently associated with lower cardiovascular risk. Physical activity is, after the diet, the second mainstay in ...

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