Chapter 51

Dietary Patterns in a Circumpolar Context

A Cultural Approach to the Interpretation of Three Studies on Mediterranean, Traditional Sami, and Low-Carbohydrate Dietary Pattern Scores in Northernmost Sweden

Lena Maria Nilsson, PhD lena.nilsson@nutrires.umu.se    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

Abstract

Northern Sweden has a unique traditional food culture that deviates a great deal from the Mediterranean food culture because it emerged from an indigenous Sami culture adapted to a circumpolar environment. The Sami have an equal life expectancy and a reduced risk of cancer compared to Sweden’s majority population. Yet, unlike the Mediterranean diet, which is associated with decreased mortality, the traditional Sami diet is associated with ...

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