Chapter 55

Mediterranean Hawthorn Fruit (Crataegus) Species and Potential Usage

Oguzhan Caliskan caliskanoguzhan@gmail.com    Department of Horticulture, Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya-Hatay, Turkey

Abstract

In most European, Mediterranean, and Asian countries, hawthorn herbs and phytomedicines are treated as drugs to be used in conjunction with conventional medicines. In Europe, the fruit, leaves, and flowers of the plant were traditionally employed in the treatment of heart problems because of their antispasmodic, cardiotonic, hypotensive, and antiatherosclerotic effects. Today, the plant is mainly used to treat cardiovascular diseases, and it remains a therapeutic agent for cancer, diabetes, cough, flu, asthma, stomach ache, rheumatic pain, ...

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