369
Acronyms and Abbreviations
ABWR: advanced breeder water reactor
AFC: alkaline fuel cell
ANWR: Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
BAU: business as usual
BPA: Biomass Power Association
BtCO
2
: billion tons of carbon dioxide
BTL: biomass-to-liquids
BTO: Biotechnology Industry Organization
BWR: breeder water reactor
CAA: Clean Air Act
CAFÉ: Corporate Average Fuel Economy
CAIR: Clean Air Interstate Rule
CBO: Congressional Budget Oce
CCGT: combined cycle gas turbine
CCP: critical control points
CCS: carbon capture and storage
CH
4
: methane
CHP: combined heat and power
CHP: cogenerator heat and power
CNG: compressed natural gas
CO
2
: carbon dioxide
CRS: Congressional Research Service
CTL: coal to liquids
CWA: Clean Water Act
DBT: design basis threat
DMFC: direct-methanol fuel cell
DOE: Department of Energy
DRB: demonstrated reserve base (Coal)
E10: Fuel containing 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline by volume
E85: Fuel containing a blend of 70% to 85% ethanol and 15% to 30%
gasoline by volume
EGS: engineered (enhanced) geothermal systems
EGS: enhanced geothermal systems
EIA: U.S. Energy Information Administration
EOR: enhanced oil recovery
370  •  Acronyms and Abbreviations
EPA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
EPIA: European Photovoltaic Industry Association
EU: European Union
FCV: fuel cell vehicles
FEMP: Federal Energy Management Program
FERC: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FFV: ex-fuel vehicle
FGD: ue gas desulfurization
GDP: gross domestic product
GHG: greenhouse gas
GIF: Generation IV International Forum (Nuclear Energy)
gigaton: billion tons
GRACE: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (German and NASA
Satellite)
GRI: Gas Research Institute (Illinois Institute of Technology)
GTL: gas-to-liquids
HDNGV: heavy-duty natural gas vehicle
HEV: hybrid electric vehicle
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IFR: integral fast reactor
IGCC: integrated gasication combined cycle
INPRO: International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel
Cycles
IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ITC: investment tax credit
K: Kelvin (temperature scale that has absolute zero as the base, centigrade
degrees)
kW: kilowatt, 1000 watts
kWh: kilowatt-hour
LCFS: low-carbon fuel standard
LED: light-emitting diode
LEU: low-enriched uranium
LNG: liqueed natural gas
LPG: liquid petroleum gas
LWR: light water reactor
m: meter
MBD: million barrels per day
MCFC: molten-carbonate fuel cell
MHEV: micro-hybrid electric vehicle
Acronyms and Abbreviations •  371
mpg: miles per gallon
MW: megawatts
MWe: megawatts, electric power
N
2
O: nitrous oxide
NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
NAS: National Academy of Sciences
NEA: Nuclear Energy Association
NEMS: National Energy Modeling System (EIA)
NGL: natural gas liquids
NGPL: natural gas plant liquids
NIMBY: not in my backyard
NPP: nuclear power plants
NRC: Nuclear Regulatory Commission
OECD: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OPEC: Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
PAFC: phosphoric acid fuel cell
PBMR: pebble bed modular reactor
PEMFC: polymer exchange membrane fuel cell
PHEV: plug-in hybrid electric vehicle
PV: photovoltaic (solar)
RES: Renewable Energy Standards
RFG: reformulated gasoline
RFS: Renewable Fuel Standards
RPS: Renewable Portfolio Standard
RTF: Royalty Trust Fund
SAE: Society for Automotive Engineers
SCR: selective catalytic control equipment
SF
6
: sulfur hexauoride
SO
2
: sulfur dioxide
SOFC: solid oxide fuel cell
SUV: sport utility vehicle
TAPS: Trans Alaska Pipeline System
TSI: Total Solar Irradiance
TV: television
TWh: trillion watt-hours
USGS: U.S. Geological Survey
VMT: vehicle miles traveled
W: watt
WNA: World Nuclear Association

Get The New Triple Constraints for Sustainable Projects, Programs, and Portfolios now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.