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The Ongoing Technological System by Smaïl Aït-El-Hadjait

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Introduction

A major technological transformation is disrupting the world more than ever. How can this pressing movement be understood? Through the analysis of the organization of the technological space of society in a given period, which is characterized as a technological system and which designates a conceptual framework that not only allows for the understanding of the technological organization but also of the nature and forms of the innovation flow that it generates.

How then does the contemporary technological system relate to contemporary innovation dynamics? Two major historical phases help establish this relationship. The first phase corresponds to a considerable technological change noticeable around 1975, accompanied by an economic and energy crisis which has been generally designated as the “third industrial revolution”. The second movement is a very powerful current of innovation that has existed since the mid-1990s, commonly known as the “digital revolution”, sometimes combined with the notion of environmental transition which now appears to be a major factor for technological recomposition.

The period of emergence of this system, characterized as the third technological revolution, inaugurated a new technological system which is also called the third technological system. It is characterized by the dominance of new generic technologies, such as information technology whose nature had changed with the development of the microprocessor in 1975 and with the emergence ...

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