1 Stan Davis and Christopher Meyer, BLUR, Addison Wesley 1998.

2 This story of Linux has been told many times, so is not repeated here.

3 BLUR, whose subtitle was “The Speed of Change in the Connected Economy,” focused on the reasons for this; by now they need no explanation.

Chapter 1

1 Henry William Chesbrough, Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology (Boston: Harvard Business Press, 2005).

2 Tom Standage in presenting Business Innovation award to Alpheus Bingham at The Economist award dinner, November, 2006.

3 Jeff Howe, “The Rise of Crowdsourcing,” Wired, no. 14.06 (June 2006), http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.06/crowds.html.

4 Michael E. Raynor and Jill A. Panetta, “Better Way ...

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