RG

IN CONTEXT

IDEOLOGY

Islam

FOCUS

Corruption of power

BEFORE

1027–256 BCE Historians in China during the Zhou dynasty describe the “Dynastic Cycle” of empires declining and being replaced.

c.950 Al-Farabi draws on Plato and Aristotle for The Virtuous City, his notion of an ideal Islamic state and the shortcomings of governments.

AFTER

1776 In The Wealth of Nations, British economist Adam Smith explains the principles behind the division of labor.

1974 US economist Arthur Laffer uses Ibn Khaldun’s ideas on taxation to produce the Laffer curve, which demonstrated the relationship between rates of taxation and government revenue.

Described by British anthropologist ...

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