RG

IN CONTEXT

IDEOLOGY

Revolutionary socialism

FOCUS

The mass strike

BEFORE

1826 The first General Strike in the UK is held in response to mine owners attempting to reduce miners’ pay.

1848 Karl Marx theorizes in his Communist Manifesto that revolution and historical change are the result of class conflict between dominant and subordinate classes.

AFTER

1937–38 Stalin’s forcible transformation of the USSR into an industrial power leads to his Great Purge. Hundreds of thousands are executed.

1989 Solidarity, a Polish trade union, defeats the Communist Party with a coalition government led by Lech Walesa.

The Marxist theorist Rosa Luxemburg articulated the idea ...

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