RG

IN CONTEXT

IDEOLOGY

Conservatism

FOCUS

Extrajudicial power

BEFORE

1532 In The Prince, Niccolò Machiavelli lays out the principles of sovereignty.

1651 Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan uses the concept of the social contract to justify the power of the sovereign.

1934 Adolf Hitler comes to power in Germany.

AFTER

2001 John Mearsheimer uses Schmitt’s theories to justify “offensive realism,” where states are ever-prepared for war.

2001 The Patriot Act in the US establishes a permanent installment of martial law and emergency powers.

Carl Schmitt was a German political theorist and lawyer whose work during the early 20th century established him as a leading critic ...

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