RG

IN CONTEXT

IDEOLOGY

Islamic fundamentalism

APPROACH

Jihad

BEFORE

622–632 CE The first Muslim commonwealth, in Medina under Muhammad, unites separate tribes under the umbrella of faith.

1906 The All-India Muslim League is founded by Aga Khan III.

AFTER

1979 In Pakistan, General Zia ul-Haq puts some of Maududi’s ideas into practice as Islamic Sharia-based criminal punishments become law.

1988 Osama bin Laden forms al-Qaeda, calling for a global jihad and the imposition of Sharia law across the world.

1990 The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam cites Sharia law as its sole source.

The genesis of the global Islamic revival in the 20th century has often ...

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